Ngesu Lewis , Lydia Wachira, Beth Mwelu & Emily Nyabisi






For many years, the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) results of schools in marginalized regions have been the poorest nationally and more so for girls. In this regard, efforts are being mounted by the Kenyan Government at various levels to improve girls’ participation in education. This paper explores the critical determinants of poor performance in KCSE among female students in Loitoktok Division. The study was conducted in three secondary schools in the division. Data was collected from students, teachers and community stakeholders by use of a questionnaire and focus group discussion. Findings indicate the influence of socio-cultural factors such as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), early marriages, nomadism, preference to boys especially in matters concerning education and long distance to school influence academic performance. In the light of these findings, it is recommended that the parents and community should be sensitized on the importance of girl child education.


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To cite this article: Ngesu, Lewis, Wachira, Lydia, Mwelu, Beth & Nyabisi, Emily
 (2012). Critical Determinants of Poor Performance in KCSE among Girls in Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Regions in Kenya, Journal of African Studies in Educational Management and Leadership, 2:1, 63-70

Available online May 2012
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