Joyce M. A. Lugulu & Rachael Nkruma



This paper assessed the effect of public primary school head teachers’ leadership skills on the Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination results of pupils in public primary schools in Kenya.  The study adoptedmixed methods with a case study design guided by Human Relations Theory in addressing  the question of what is and what should be in preparing head teachers for leadership roles in public primary schools.  Purposive sampling was used to select respondents who had served in their current stations for four years and above. Data was collected through questionnaires, document analysis and Focus Group Discussions.  The findings indicate that head teachers are not trained before deployment, in-service programs are available but not useful from respondents’ perception, head teachers face many challenges that include: harsh learning environment, minimal parental participation in school activities, inadequate resources, high rates of teacher-pupil absenteeism and high poverty levels. We concluded that head teachers are responsible for the learning outcomes of pupils, they acquire resources and provide conducive learning environment.  We recommend training for aspiring head teachers before appointment, provision of adequate learning resources by the Government, motivation of parents and other stakeholders by head teachers and a professional body should handle disciplinary issues affecting teachers.

Key words:  Head teacher, Public primary school, Leadership skills, Examinations results

Contact author: Joyce M. A. Lugulu: Careers &Placement Officer/Ag. Assistant Dean of Students, Moi University


To cite this article: Joyce M. A. Lugulu & Rachael Nkruma. (2017).  Assessment of the Effects of Public Primary School Head teachers’ Leadership Skills on the Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination ResultsJournal of African Studies in Educational Management and Leadership  Vol. 8, pp, 21-2017

Description: Full Version


  Available online July 2017
Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:
©2017 Kenya Association of Educational Management and Leadership.  ALL RIGHTS RESERVED